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2018年成考专升本英语

来源:学历部 发布日期:2018年08月16日 点击:1422

 

2013年成人高考专升本英语真题

一、Phonetics (5 points)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D.Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation.Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

1. 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.come

B.some

C.move

D.love

参考答案:C

2. 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.honor

B.house

C.horror

D.heel

参考答案:A

3. 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.thief

B.think

C.theory

D.these

参考答案:D

4. 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.now

B.how

C.allow

D.windows

参考答案:D

5. 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.meat

B.dead

C.cream

D.steal

参考答案:B

二、Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

6.We asked both John and Jerry, but ____________________ could offer a satisfactory explanation.

A.neither

B.either

C.both

D.nor

参考答案:A

7.I’d like to find someone ____________________ I can discuss such a problem.

A.who

B.whom

C.with whom

D.to whom

参考答案:C

8.The baby can’t even sit up yet, ____________________walk!

A.don’t mention

B.let alone

C.other than

D.rather than

参考答案:D

9.I did not notice that my dog was missing ____________________ a moment ago.

A.before

B.until

C.to

D.on

参考答案:B

10.The company director has informed us that we must ____________________ department budget by 25%.

A.cut down

B.cut away

C.cut off

D.cut up

参考答案:A

11.Companies usually ____________________ a number of experiments before a new product is launched.

A.practice

B.control

C.carry

D.conduct

参考答案:D

12.I remembered that the air conditioners ____________________ turned off before I left home.

A.were

B.were to be

C.had been

D.have been

参考答案:C

13.--How do you like your new job?

--Well, it is great ____________________ salary, but it does not offer much prospects for promotion.

A.in charge of

B.in terms of

C.in case of

D.in favor of

参考答案:B

14.In my opinion this is a(an) ____________________ different matter.

A.entirely

B.merely

C.purely

D.fully

参考答案:A

15.Take an umbrella with you in case it ____________________.

A.many rain

B.could rain

C.rained

D.rains

参考答案:D

16.The murderer was brought in, with his hands ____________________ behind his back.

A.to have been tied

B.having tied

C.to be tied

D.tied

参考答案:D

17.--Do you think Joshua is the right person for this job?

--He is well-grounded in economic theory, but lacks ____________________ in production management.

A.devotion

B.attitude

C.experience

D.energy

参考答案:C

18.____________________ about it earlier, we could have warned people of the danger.

A.Would we know

B.Should we know

C.Have we known

D.Had we known

参考答案:D

19.It was ____________________ of you not to disturb these old people late last night.

A.patient

B.considerate

C.deliberate

D.modest

参考答案:B

20.--Hey, what do you think of his speech last night?

--I have no idea.I arrived ____________________ find that he had almost finished it.

A.in order to

B.so as to

C.only to

D.ready to

参考答案:C

三、Cloze (20 points)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

What is music? Music is sound arranged into pleasing or interesting __________21__________.It is part of every culture on Earth.People use music to _22_ feelings and ideas.Music also serves to entertain and relax.

Music is a performing art.It _23_ form such arts as painting and poetry, In which arts _24_ works and then display or publish them.Musical composers need musicians to _25_ and perform their works._26_ most musical performances are really co-operations between composers and performers.

Music also plays a major role in other arts.Opera _27_ singing and music with drama.Ballet and other forms of dancing need music to help the dancers _28_ their steps.Motion pictures use music to help set the mood as well as introduce the actions or enhance its _29_ on the audience. Music is one of the _30_ arts.People probably started to sing to as soon as _31_ developed.Hunting tools struck together may have been the first musical _32_.By about 10,000 B.C , hollow bones had been used by _33_ people to make flutes.The first written music dates from about 2500 B.C.

There are two chief kinds of western music, classical and popular.Symphonies, operas, and ballet are _34_music.It is generally harder to write and perform.Musicians who perform it need a lot of training.Popular music _35_ country music, folk music, jazz, and rock music.It is easier to perform and understand.

21.填入(21)处的最佳答案是()。

A.models

B.types

C.styles

D.patterns

参考答案:D

22.填入(22)处的最佳答案是()。

A.express

B.explore

C.cover

D.test

参考答案:A

23.填入(23)处的最佳答案是()。

A.results

B.develops

C.differs

D.separates

参考答案:C

24.填入(24)处的最佳答案是()。

A.discover

B.develops

C.differs

D.separates

参考答案:B

25.填入(25)处的最佳答案是()。

A.adapt

B.interpret

C.follow

D.complete

参考答案:B

26.填入(26)处的最佳答案是()。

A.thus

B.however

C.besides

D.and

参考答案:A

27.填入(27)处的最佳答案是()。

A.joins

B.associates

C.connects

D.combines

参考答案:D

28.填入(28)处的最佳答案是()。

A.with

B.for

C.after

D.upon

参考答案:A

29.填入(29)处的最佳答案是()。

A.force

B.effect

C.influence

D.impact

参考答案:B

30.填入(30)处的最佳答案是()。

A.greatest

B.easiest

C.oldest

D.best

参考答案:C

31.填入(31)处的最佳答案是()。

A.agriculture

B.society

C.humanity

D.language

参考答案:D

32.填入(32)处的最佳答案是()。

A.performers

B.events

C.instruments

D.notes

参考答案:C

33.填入(33)处的最佳答案是()。

A.precious

B.old

C.early

D.ancient

参考答案:D

34.填入(34)处的最佳答案是()。

A.light

B.background

C.classical

D.experimental

参考答案:C

35.填入(35)处的最佳答案是()。

A.accepts

B.includes

C.explains

D.illustrates

参考答案:B

四、Reading Comprehension (75 points)

Directions: There are four reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by five questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

Passage one

What do you use to get around town? A cat? A bike? Your feet? Perhaps you should try a Segway!

The Segway is perfect for short journey.It is an electric vehicle that consists of a platform between two wheels, with a pole that connects the platform to the handlebars.To ride it, you step up onto the platform, and control the Segway by moving your body.Lean forwards to go faster, and backwards to slow down.

On older models, direction is controlled by a twist grip(扭转把手)on the left handlebar.This varies the speeds between the two motors, a decrease in the seed of the left wheel would turn the Segway to the left.With never models you simply lean to the left or right.Meanwhile, a gyroscope(陀螺仪)detects your movements and prevents the machine form falling over.The Segway has a maximum speed of 19 km per hour and a range of about 38 km.After that, you need to plug it in and recharge the battery.

Segways are used for a variety of purposes.People with mobility problems can now enjoy walks in the country with their friends and family.Some golfers use them as an alternative to the golf cart.And dog owners now have an easier way to take the dog to the park.A few police forces use Segways, too.They allow officers to move quickly whilst maintaining contact with the public.

They are also becoming a common sight on airport.However, the most popular use is in tourism, particularly for city tours.Visit any major tourist city in summer, sit outside a cafe for a while and there is a good chance you will see a group of tourists passing on Segways.

36.What is the Segway according to this passage?

A.A pole that connects two handlebars.

B.A newly appeared public traffic vehicle.

C.A bicycle with a platform between two wheels.

D.An electric two-wheeled vehicle for short trips.

参考答案:D

37.How do you turn to the left on Segways of newer models?

A.Lean to the left

B.Adjust the twist grip

C.Press the left bar

D.Control the gyroscope

参考答案:A

38.How far can you travel on a Segway at most?

A.Less than 19 km

B.About 19 km

C.About 38 km

D.More than 38 km

参考答案:C

39.The last paragraph focuses on ____________________?

A.What a Segway is like

B.Where to find a Segway

C.How to control a Segway

D.When a Segway is useful

参考答案:D

Passage Two

Nancy Bright and her husband John had been working overtime and saving for a long time so that they could pay the advance for Nancy’s dream house.Today was the day that they had enough money in hand to make a down payment on the house.But the real estate (房地产) agent informed them that she had received another offer for the house.Although the other offer was slightly less than that of Nancy and John’s, that person with the new offer was willing to pay the whole amount at once .The owner, in urgent need of money, wanted to accept the second offer. Nancy and John looked at each other with disappointed looks.They walked back home feeling very low about having lost the house.Soon they recovered and involved themselves into their daily lives, though once in a while Nancy would sink into a mild depression over losing the house. One day Nancy woke up in the morning feeling even lower than usual.She kept feeling sick, even lost interest in her routine coffee.She pull all these symptoms down to the stress of working hard and losing her dream house.A week passed and she seemed to get worse.John was worried and insisted on taking her to the doctor.The doctor, after taking a few tests, informed them with a huge smile that Nancy was two months pregnant! John and Nancy were overjoyed but also worried about not having their own house before the baby was born.

One evening Nancy wandered into the street where her dream house was, and as she passed by

it, she was surprised to see that there were notices stuck on all the house.On closer examination she found that the notices were for all the residents to move out of the house as they were building a highway and the whole row of the houses needed to be pulled down.Nancy suddenly realized that not getting her dream house had been a blessing in disguise.She thanked God and decided to be happy with the blessings she had and started looking forward to the birth of her child.

40.Why did Nancy and her husband lose their dream house?

A.They couldn’t pay the whole amount for the house at once.

B.Someone else offered more money for the house.

C.They couldn’t afford the advance for the house.

D.The house owner decided not to sell the house.

参考答案:A

41.How did they feel after they lost their dream house?

A.They felt sorry and hardly recovered.

B.They felt relieved but with little regent.

C.They enjoyed their daily lives all the same.

D.They were depressed but tried to adjust themselves.

参考答案:D

42.What did Nancy find about the house one day?

A.It would be on sale again.

B.It would be pulled down.

C.It had been redecorated.

D.It had been emptied.

参考答案:B

43.What does the phrase “a blessing in disguise” in the last paragraph mean?

A.A good luck

B.A dirty trick

C.A secret wish

D.A false alarm

参考答案:A

Passage Three

Most of the guests who come on our trips have never been to Egypt before.We want to make everyone comfortable and at ease, but we do always get the same question in advance of a trip.So here I will give you some travel tips.What should I wear?

If you are lucky enough to visit Egypt between November and February, pack a sweater.You’ll need it --the desert gets chilly at night..During the day, the temperature will be agreeable and comfortable.Any other time, pack as if you are going to phoenix or Vegas in August.For the ladies bathing suits are normal if there’s a pool where you’re going, but leave the string bikini at home --it is a Muslim country, after all.Last, if you’re planning on visiting any mosques or certain parts of upper Egypt, ladies will need to plan on bringing something that comes at least to the elbows, and no shorts for men or women in those areas.What special things do I need to pack?

One of my favorite things in the world to bring to Egypt is an Evian Mister, a sprayer with a fine mist of Evian water.You may be able to find it in your local drug store.Spray a little on your

face or head, and your body temperature will feel like it’s dropped 10 to 15 degrees.Other items include your camera, sun block and extra batteries.How do I communicate with home?

Internet cafes are plentiful everywhere, especially in Cairo, Luxor, and Alexandria.If you have international calling on your phone, you should be able to use it----AT&T and sprint both work internationally for sure, but may sure you have the international coverage.A satellite phone is best if you are certain to need coverage in the middle of the country, like while sailing up the Nile, but for most people these days a cell phone is fine.What medical preparation do I need?

In a word: none! The one thing you may come down with in Egypt is politely called “Pharoah’s Revenge” The thing that knocks out Pharoah’s Revenge is a regionally produced medicine ,and is available at every drugstore for $ 1 a box.DON’T drink local water, DO drink bottled water, avoid the skins of fresh vegetables, and you will be fine.

44.What clothing is proper for ladies visiting a mosque?

A.string bikinis

B.Long-sleeve closes

C.Bathing suits

D.Shorts

参考答案:B

45.What’s the use of an Evian Mister?

A.to relieve your thirst

B.To prevent sunburns

C.To cool yourself down

D.To drive away insects

参考答案:C

46.What information is provided about distance communication?

A.A cell phone is enough for most people.

B.AT&T and sprint offer free service in Egypt.

C.A satellite phone does not work in Mid-Egypt.

D.Internet cafes are only available in big cities.

参考答案:A

47.What does “Pharoah’s Revenge” probably refer to in the last paragraph?

A.A curse

B.A legend

C.Disease

D.Vegetable

参考答案:C

passage four

49.Which word best describe the homeless man?

A.Angry

B.Untidy

C.Sensitive

D.Impolite

参考答案:B

50.Why did Robby go back to the hot dog seller?

A.She wanted to thank the hot dog seller

B.The homeless man asked for a hot dog

C.She wanted to buy a hot dog for the homeless man

D.The hot dog was so delicious that Robby wanted another

参考答案:C

51.What is the theme of this passage?

A.The rich should help the poor

B.One good turn deserves another

C.Kindness is the greatest wisdom

D.A kindness shown, a kindness sown

参考答案:D

Passage Five

Whatever you do, don’t challenge a chimpanzee named Ayumu to a number memory game. In 2007, Ayumu became famous for his lightning speed at a game that goes like this: A player views a computer screen where the numbers 1 through 9 appear briefly at once and then turn to white squares.The player then taps the squares where the numbers had been, in order from 1 to 9.People can do it.But no human competitor has ever completed the game faster or more accurately than Ayumu the chimp.For almost five years Ayumu remains undefeated.

Psychologist Nicholas Humphrey of Darwin College at Cambridge University in England now thinks he knows the secret behind the chimp’s ability.Humphrey suspects Ayumu’s brain may have a condition that allows the chimp to see numbers as colors.This would mean that Ayumu may see a color glow after the numbers disappears.Then, instead of remembering the numbers, he remembers a sequence of colors, each associated with a number.

The condition that Humphrey believes Ayumu may have is called synesthesia.Humans with synesthesia may associate numbers and letters with colors.For example, a person may see the number “5” as the color blue.Until now, scientists had assumed only humans could have synesthesia.

Humphrey found the inspiration for his idea at a 2011 scientific conference.There, he heard a presentation about Ayumu’s memory abilities and another talk about synesthesia.He then put the two ideas together.

Not everyone is convinced that Humphrey is correct.Primatologist Tetsuro Matsuzawa of the Primate Research Institute at Kyoto University in Japan has spent decades studying the amazing memories of chimpanzees, including Ayumu.He maintains that chimps simply have faster memory recall than people.

52.What is Ayumu famous for?

A.His gift in playing computers.

B.His talent in calculating numbers.

C.His skill in tapping the numbered squares.

D.His amazing performance in memory game.

参考答案:D

53.Which of the following is true of Nicholas Humphrey?

A.He thinks Ayumu has an amazing memory.

B.He believes that Ayumu sees the colors of numbers.

C.He was inspired by Primatologist Tetsuro Matsuzawa.

D.He delivered a speech on synesthesia at the 2011conference.

参考答案:B

54.Where does Humphrey get the inspiration for his idea?

A.From an experiment

B.From a conference

C.From a research on chimpanzees

D.From the color blue

参考答案:B

55.How does Tetsuro Matsuzawa explain Ayumu’s performance in the game?

A.Ayumu uses synesthesia.

B.Ayumu is cleverer than most chimps.

C.Chimps recall things faster than people.

D.Chimps are good at dealing with number.

参考答案:C

五、Daily Conversation(10 points)

Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

根据下面选项回答下面试题:

A.I’m very pleased to be here

B.Did you ever find each other

C.But is was a miracle

D.I remember you said you wanted to get a sweater

E.It could even be a disaster

F.Actually, I’ve got the list ready.

G.Did you get anything

H.I don’t want to talk about it anymore

Mary: Well, Susan, how was your shopping trip with Nancy this afternoon? Susan: Don’t ask._56___________ H

Mary: What do you mean? Something went wrong?

Susan: Went wrong? _57___________ E ! Nancy thought I had said I would meet her at the department store at 2:30 when I really said 2:00.Then she thought we would meet at the main entrance in front when I really said at the east entrance on the Twelfth Street.Mary:_58___________ B ?

Susan: Yes! _59___________ C I had given up waiting and went inside the women’s clothing department.So did she.Thus we met finally and it was 3:00 by then.Mary: Did you get what you wanted? _60___________ D

Susan: A blouse, as a matter of fact.But by that time, all those on sale were gong.So I settled for a skirt.

56题简答 填入(56)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:H

57题简答 填入(57)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:E

58题简答 填入(58)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:B

59题简答 填入(59)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:C

60题简答 填入(60)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:D

六、Writing(25 points)

Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write a notice in about 100-120 words based on the following situation.Remember to writer it clearly.

61题 你(Li Yuan) 收到朋友Xiao Ming 的 e-mail,他在邮件中谈及买车计划。请在回信中说明你对买车的看法,内容包括: 私家车的好处(如舒适、便捷等);私家车的弊端(如交通拥挤、环境污染、停车困难等); 你的建议。

参考答案:略

2014年成人高考专升本英语真题及答案解析

I. Phonetics (5 points )

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there, are four underlined letters or lettercombinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one thatis different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )

A.stage

B.pass_age

C.percentage

D.village

参考答案:A

2题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )

A.pension

B.extension

C.collision

D.Dimension

参考答案:C

3题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )

A.m_ove

B.joke

C.h_ope

D.zone

参考答案:A

4题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )

A.wealthy

B.athlete

C.beneath

D.southern

参考答案:D

5题单选 根据读音,选择合适的答案( )

A.phrase

B.loose

C.expo_se

D.accuse

参考答案:B

II. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)

Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are fourchoices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence andblacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6题单选 The relationship between parents and their children___________ a strong influence on the character of the children.

A.have

B.having

C.to have

D.has

参考答案:D

7题单选 Only by telling the truth___________win the trust and support of your friends.

A.you can

B.can you

C.you did

D.did you

参考答案:B

8题单选 These apple trees,___________I planted three years ago, have not borne any fruit.

A.that

B.what

C.which

D.when

参考答案:C

9题单选 Don't remind me of that awful day;I__________such a fool of myself.

A.made

B.make

C.will make

D.am making

参考答案:A

10题单选 My daughter is quite well now __________ a slight headache.

A.beside

B.besides

C.but for

D.except for

参考答案:D

11题单选 She is treated__________better than I was.

A.much

B.little

C.many

D.more

参考答案:A

12题单选 If it had not rained yesterday, they__________work on time.

A.will finish

B.will have finished

C.would finish

D.would have finished

参考答案:D

13题单选 They are studying the Solar System's__________planet,Saturn ,and its moons.

A.two largest

B.largest two

C.second largest

D.largest second

参考答案:C

14题单选 I'd like to go with you ; __________, my hands are full at the moment.

A.however

B.whatever

C.whenever

D.wherever

参考答案:A

15题单选 He entered the office hurriedly,__________the door open.

A.leaving

B.left

C.leave

D.to leave

参考答案:A

16题单选 He had to quit the job__________his ill health.

A.as

B.as for

C.because

D.because of

参考答案:D

17题单选 She needs more friends of her own__________

A.year

B.age

C.period

D.stage

参考答案:B

18题单选 __________, the training will help you become better at what you do.

A.In the season

B.In the period

C.In the long run

D.In the long range

参考答案:C

19题单选 Sea levels are__________to rise between 7 and 23 inches by the end of 21st century.

A.inspected

B.suspected

C.expected

D.detected

参考答案:C

20题单选 Smoking and drinking may__________heart disease and cancer.

A.result from

B.lead to

C.come from

D.get to

参考答案:B

Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)

Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, Cand D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

The Nobel Prizes are awards that are given each year for special things that people or groups ofpeople have achieved. They are awarded in six 21__________ : physics, chemistry, medicine, literature,peace and economics.

The prizes come from 22 __________ that was created by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. He wanted

to use some of his money to help make the world a 23 __________ place to live in.

Many organizations, chosen by Alfred Nobel himself,24 __________ who receives the prizes. Eachaward 25 __________ a gold medal,a diploma and a lot of money. Prizes can only be given to 26__________ of allraces, countries and religions. Only the Peace Prize can 27 __________ be given to a group.

The first Nobel Prizes were handed out 28 __________ December 10,1901--five years after AlfredNobel's death. Nobel was a chemist, engineer and inventor 29 __________ most famous invention, dynamite(炸药) , made him a 30 __________ man. Although he gave the world such a 31 __________ w,~pon, Nobel wasalways against wars and 32__________. He therefore left a lot of money that was to go to those who did a lotfor the peace of 33__________

Officials at first handed out only five prizes a year. The prize for economics was first awarded in 1969. In some 34 __________ prizes were not awarded because there were no 35 __________ candidates.

All prizes are presented in Stockholm, Sweden, with the exception of the Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.

21题单选 第21题应选( )

A.parts

B.areas

C.regions

D.classes

参考答案:B

22题单选 第22题应选( )

A.a bond

B.a fund

C.a scholarship

D.an investment

参考答案:B

23题单选 第23题应选( )

A.cleaner

B.richer

C.better

D.larger

参考答案:C

24题单选 第24题应选( )

A.declare

B.conclude

C.determine

D.announce

参考答案:C

25题单选 第25题应选( )

A.makes up

B.focuses on

C.refers to

D.consists of

参考答案:D

26题单选 第26题应选( )

A.organizations

B.singles

C.institutions

D.individuals

参考答案:D

27题单选 第27题应选( )

A.yet

B.also

C.still

D.ever

参考答案:B

28题单选 第28题应选( )

A.on

B.in

C.at

D.by

参考答案:A

29题单选 第29题应选( )

A.who

B.that

C.whose

D.whom

参考答案:C

30题单选 第30题应选( )

A.hmnorous

B.rich

C.serious

D.smart

参考答案:B

31题单选 第31题应选( )

A.strange

B.mysterious

C.magic

D.deadly

参考答案:D

32题单选 第32题应选( )

A.violence

B.hatred

C.confusion

D.jealousy

参考答案:A

33题单选 第33题应选( )

A.races

B.regions

C.mind

D.mankind

参考答案:D

34题单选 第34题应选( )

A.years

B.year

C.time

D.times

参考答案:A

35题单选 第35题应选( )

A.valuable

B.invaluable

C.worthy

D.worthwhile

参考答案:C

IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points)

Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by fourquestions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Chooseone best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

At first glance,there hardly seems to be any comparison between Ravenna and Rome,but backin the 5th century ,it was Ravenna that served as capital of the Western Roman Empire. In this city,Roman rulers built monuments which are famous, then and now, for their sweeping mosaics (镶嵌图案). Seven of Ravenna's eight buildings from the 5th and 6th centuries are spectacularly decoratedwith examples of this ancient art. "In the past, many people couldn't read or write," says tour guideand Ravenna native Silvia Giogoli. "Mosaics were a way to explain the religion and the political situ-ation to the people. " Visitors to Ravenna can look at pieces of art by ancient artists, listen to musicians, and learn to

make their own masterpieces.

Travel Tips

When to Go:June--October; weather is pleasant in April and May but historic sites can get crowded with school groups.

Where to Stay:Walk through historic district sites from Albergo Cappello and stay at a modernHotel Centrale Byron.

How to Get Around:Take the train from Bologna, and then walk, bike, or use taxis within the city.

Where to Eat or Drink:Housed in a former movie theater, two-storey Ristorante Cinema Alex-ander blends 1940s Hollywood flavor with homemade Emilia Romagna courses and attentive service(helpful in translating the menu). For fresh seafood, try Osteria L'Accigua and Da Buco.

What to Buy : Watch the next generation of Emilia Romagna mosaic artists create contemporaryand traditional pieces in local studios where modern artists use the same methods as their Byzantineforefathers.

What to Read Before You Go:Ravenna in Late Antiquity, by Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis-. 2010) ,provides a wide-ranging look at the city's art, architecture, and history.

36题单选 In ancient times, mosaics were used to

A.display artistic achievements

B.compete with Roman paintings

C.explain religion and politics

D.teach reading and writing

参考答案:C

37题单选 Lots of school children visit historic sites such as Ravenna in

A.May

B.June

C.September

D.October

参考答案:A

38题单选 If you want to try fresh seafood,you should go to__________ .

A.Emilia Romagna

B.Hotel Centrale Byron

C.Ristorante Cinema Alexander

D.Osteria L'Accigua and Da Buco

参考答案:D

39题单选 Why is Ravenna in Late Antiquity recommended in this passage?

A.Because it was written by a famous writer.

B.Because tourists get to learn a lot about the city from it.

C.Because tourists can get valuable tips for buying art pieces.

D.Because it provides useful information about the city's weather.

参考答案:B

When you pat your pet dog, he wags (摆来摆去)his tail. That is his way of saying that he lovesyou. And, if you pay attention, you will see that he uses his tail to say so many things. Every move-ment of the tail means a different thing. If the dog is wagging its tail, it is a sign of friendliness ; if histail is straight, it means he is getting ready for a fight ; and if his tail is tucked (塞) behind his legs, itmeans he is giving up the fight.

Unlike dogs, cats' tail language is not so expressive. When a cat feels threatened, he puffs him-self up to appear big and his tail shakes with tension. And when he is displeased with something, helashes out(甩动) his tail.

The tail language of dogs and cats has a little story behind it. Earlier, when dogs and cats hadnot become friends with human beings, they were predators. They used to hunt other animals for theirfood. When dogs went out hunting with their friends, tail language came handy. When they were closeto each other, dogs could use facial expressions to talk. But, for long-distance c,o~mmunication, theyused their tails. Unlike dogs, cats liked to hunt alone. So, they did not need to use tail language toooften. As a result, their vocabulary in tail language is much smaller than that of dogs'.

40题单选 What does it mean when a dog's tail is straight?

A.It has a lot to say to you.

B.It wants to stop fighting.

C.It is going to fight.

D.It likes to be patted.

参考答案:C

41题单选 A cat tries to appear big when it is __________ .

A.facing a danger

B.unhappy

C.ready to hunt

D.hungry

参考答案:A

42题单选 Which of the following does the author intend to say?

A.Dogs and cats are not good friends.

B.Dogs are much friendlier than cats.

C.Dogs and cats are usually good pets.

D.Dogs use tail language more than cats.

参考答案:D

43题单选 In the last paragraph, the underlined word "predato.rs" refers to __________ .

A.animals that follow and obey other animals

B.animals that kill and eat other animals

C.animals that live in the wild

D.animals kept by people

参考答案:B

Like any teenagers, the face of One Teen Story is changing fast. Just a year old, the monthlymagazine of short fiction for young people is getting a new editor-in-chief: Patrick Ryan ,47, the asso-ciate editor of Granta from 2009 to 2013. He left the London-based literary journal last month.

Editing One Teen Story--the younger sibling(姐妹篇)of One Story magazine--will offer Ryan achance to reach a whole new audience. "It's really the only magazine for young adult short fiction,"he says from his office in New York. "It's tremendously exciting that there are younger people outthere who have subscriptions and look forward to getting these stories once a month. That form is usu-ally only presented when it's forced upon them in schools. "

Designed for readers 14 and up, One Teen Story publishes nine issues a year. Like its siblingmagazine, it doesn't carry photographs or advertising. It's just exactly what it says:one story per issue.Ryan says young people are "looking for engaging reads about people whom they can identifywith. It's not about having a message or positive spin (说教). It always starts on a character level,and it has to have an interesting story. If you look at the ' Twilight' characters and the ' HarryPotter' characters,they feel very contemporary. "

Ryan also sees the magazine as a way to encourage talented authors. "I would love to make OneTeen Story the first publication for writers who then go on and keep at this business. I just really lovethe idea that this magazine would be the starting point for somebody--would be the push to make a talented writer feel that it was woah keeping at this.”

44题单选 Who is Patrick Ryan?

A.He is the editor.in.chief of Granta.

B.He is the editor—in—chief of One Story.

C.He is the editor.in—chief of“Twilight”. 、

D.He is the editor—in-chief of One Teen Story.

参考答案:D

45题单选 What is One Teen Story?

A.It is a story magazine for teenagers.

B.It is a London—based literary iournal.

C.It is a column of a newspaper.

D.It is a magazine of science fiction.

参考答案:A

46题单选 According to Ryan。what attracts young readers most? ’

A.Photographs and illustration.

B.Chances and practices in business.

C.Characters and stories close to their life.

D.Political teachings and moral messages.

参考答案:C

47题单选 In the last paragraph,the underlined phrase“this business”means __________ .

A.reading stories

B.writing stories

C.editing magazines

D.making money

参考答案:B

Couples are restricting the size of their families in the UK because of cash worries brought on bvthe financial crisis and the subsequent decline.We’re now up to nearly 3.7 million families whelthere is an only child,a rise from about 3.3 million in 2005.That means nearlv half of all parentshave only one child. .

Financial WOITies aren’t the only driver.The trend towards later motherhood has been mentionedas a cause,as have soaring costs of raising a child,which have been calculated as£222.500 frombirth t021 years of age.This is an increase of nearly 40%in lo years.

The increasing availability of IVF(试管婴儿)is also a factor and an interesting one.Coupleswho might have remained childless in the past now invest in IVF and get pregnant.And because ofthe cost they stop after one child.

It may not be a bad thin9;there are outstanding examples of talented only children.Some arguethat being an only child promoted their success.These include actors Natalie Portman and Al Paci.n0,golfer Tiger Woods and even Queen Victoria.A study from the Institute for Social and EconomicResearch at the University of Essex also showed that the fewer brothers and sisters a child has.thehappier they are.It seems fighting for parental attention and affection--which sometimes descendsinto physical fights—is more stressful than any adult had previously thought.And it's not compensa—ted(弥补)by having a playmate.

48题单选 The smaller size of UK families is mainlv related to __________ .

A.financial problems

B.technical Droblems

C.health problems

D.cull[ural Droblems

参考答案:A

49题单选 The passage shows that IVF is __________ .

A.safer than natural pregnancy

B.very popular in UK

C.very expensive

D.a risky investment

参考答案:C

50题单选 What is a proved advantage of one—child family?

A.Improved family life.

B.Higher number of sports stars.

C.Efficient family education.

D.Promotion of children’s success.

参考答案:D

51题单选 The findings of the institute at the University of Essex might mean that__________ .

A.the only children’s lack of playmates causes problems

B.the only children are much happier than others

C.parents—children relationship is off balance

D.children have to struggle for parental love

参考答案:B

About 79 million Americans have pre—diabetes(糖尿病前期).That means they have blood sugarthat's higher than normal but not hi曲enough to be diagnosed(诊断)with type 2一at least not yet.One lon9.term study reposed by the American Diabetes Association found that l l%of people withpre—diabetes develop the full—blown disease each year.Another study shows that pre—diabetes willprobably become type 2 in lo years or less. 、

Yet,that process is not inevitable.Last year,scientists in Colorado found that people withpre—diabetes who lowered their blood sugar to normal levels--even briefly--were 56%less likely toreach type 2 levels.

Ⅱyou have pre—diabetes.here are four steps to help prevent or delay a diabetes diagnosis:

Lose 7%of your body weight.That is about l5 pounds for the persons who weigh 200.Drop—ping that small percentage has been shown to lower the risk of developing type 2 by close t060%.Exercise 30 minutes five days a week.Whether you do the 30 minutes in one shot or in three10一minute sessions,the benefit is the same.Choose certain exercises,such as fast walkin9,playingtennis or lifting weights.Physical activity such as sweeping floors works,t00.

Turn to your doctor.In some cases,pre—diabetes raises the risk of heart disease and stroke by50%.Your doctor may use some medicine to control your glucose(葡萄糖)levels and keep yourblood pressure in check.

Know your numbers.To see if your pre-diabetes is improvin9,have your blood sugar checkedregularly.A fasting blood sugar of l00 t0125 mr=/dl suggests pre—diabetes;126 m9/dl or above isdiabetes;and below l00 is normal.Other tests,including glucose tolerance and AIC,also are used tomonitor blood sugar.

52题单选 What do we learn from the two studies mentioned in Paragraph l 7

A.Pre—diabetes will surely become type 2 diabetes.

B.Pre.diabetes is likely to become diabetes within years.

C.Enough attention should be paid to the treatment of type 2.

D.Pre.diabetes is ranked N0.1 danger threatening Americans’health.

参考答案:B

53题单选 To prevent or delay a diabetes diagnosis,people with pre—diabetes should pay most atten。tion t0____________.

A.glucose levels

B.exercises

C.heart disease

D.stroke

参考答案:A

54题单选 Which of the following suggests that you have pre-diabetes?

A.70 mg/dl.

B.90 mg/dl.

C.110 mg/dl.

D.130 mg/dl.

参考答案:C

55题单选 What column of a newspaper is most likely to have this article?

A.Technology.

B.Entertainment.

C.Education.

D.Health.

参考答案:D

V. Daily Conversation( 15 points)

Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete thefollowing dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

根据下面选项回答下面试题:

A.Thanks, Daddy

B.I'm proud of you

C.You can't believe it

D.Congratulations

E.What makes the day so important

F.Cheer up

G.It's a wonderful day

H.Is that true

Father: How's your day at school, Costa?

Costa: 56, Daddy! It's a day I will nev.~er forget.Father:Oh,is it? 57,my son?

Costa:I have been made the chairman of the Students' Association.Father :That's great.58 !

Costa: 59

Father :That's really nice. You stood first in the examination and now you have won the chairman-ship.60,my'son.

Costa : Thank you, Daddy.

you, Daddy.

56题简答 填入(56)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:G

57题简答 填入(57)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:E

58题简答 填入(58)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:D

59题简答 填入(59)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:A

60题简答 填入(60)处的最佳答案是()。

参考答案:B

VI. Writing ( 25 points)

Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 ~ 120 wordsbased on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.

61题简答 你(Li Yuan)的班级即将组织一次郊游(picnic),请你给你的外籍教师(Steve)写封信,内容包括:

·邀请他参加此项活动;

·介绍活动的具体安排和内容(如时间、地点等);·告知需要做的准备(如着装、自备午餐等);

·希望他参加并尽快给予答复。

参考答案:略。

2015年成人高考专升本英语考试真题及答案

I. Phonetics (5 points )

 

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there, are four underlined letters or lettercombinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one thatis different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

1题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

 

A.rural

 

B.ugly

 

C.product

 

D.uncle

 

参考答案:A

 

2题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

 

A.flower

 

B.how

 

C.shower

 

D.Slow

 

参考答案:D

 

3题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

 

A.cough

 

B.ghost

 

C.enough

 

D.1aughter

 

参考答案:B

 

4题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

 

A.disturb

 

B.absorb

 

C.climb

 

D.Rob

 

参考答案:C

 

5题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。。

 

A.heat

 

B.feather

 

C.deadline

 

D.Measure

 

参考答案:A

 

II. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)

 

Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are fourchoices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence andblacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

6题单选 These are the pictures of the hotel __________ we held our annual meetings.

 

A.that

 

B.when

 

C.which

 

D.where

 

参考答案:D

 

7题单选 I wonder if there is __________ university in your hometown.

 

A.a

 

B.an

 

C./

 

D.the

 

参考答案:A

 

8题单选 Only in my thirties __________a purpose in life.

 

A.I found

 

B.found I

 

C.I did find

 

D.did I find

 

参考答案:D

 

9题单选 __________ his telephone number, she didn’t know how to get in touch with him.

 

A.Forgetting

 

B.To forget

 

C.To have forgotten

 

D.Having forgotten

 

参考答案:D

 

10题单选 My aunt’s business has been doing poorly,but she’s hoping that her__________ will change.

 

A.duty

 

B.fame

 

C.luck

 

D.emotion

 

参考答案:C

 

11题单选 Who should be responsible __________ the accident?

 

A.with

 

B.for

 

C.of

 

D.at

 

参考答案:B

 

12题单选 It is __________ that text messaging while driving is dangerous.

 

A.necessary

 

B.sufficient

 

C.obvious

 

D.significant

 

参考答案:C

 

13题单选 My secretary usually opens my post__________ it’s marked“private”.

 

A.unless

 

B.if

 

C.as

 

D.for

 

参考答案:A

 

14题单选 Several novels by Mo Yan __________ into English so far.

 

A.are translated

 

B.have been translated

 

C.were translated

 

D.had been translated

 

参考答案:B

 

15题单选 The pianist didn’t __________ until the last minute before the concert.

 

A.turn off

 

B.turn on

 

C.turn out

 

D.turn up

 

参考答案:D

 

16题单选 The old man,together with his neighbors,__________ the performance when it began to rain.

 

A.was enjoying

 

B.were enjoying

 

C.has enjoyed

 

D.have enjoyed

 

参考答案:A

 

17题单选 My teacher recommended that l__________ as careful as possible when I took an exam.

 

A.am

 

B.were

 

C.be

 

D.will be

 

参考答案:C

 

18题单选 Let’s go to the airport a little earlier __________ we can choose better seats.

 

A.by that

 

B.so that

 

C.for that

 

D.now that

 

参考答案:B

 

19题单选 Jason made sharp comments on Mary’s idea,but he didn’t mean __________ her.

 

A.Hurt

 

B.Hurting

 

C.to hurt

 

D.to be hurt

 

参考答案:C

 

20题单选 ——I’m sorry about the misunderstanding.

 

You__________ apologize,it wasn’t your fault.

 

A.couldn’t

 

B.mustn’t

 

C.wouldn’t

 

D.needn’t

 

参考答案:D

 

Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)

 

Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, Cand D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

Where do cars get their energy from? For most cars,the answer is petrol. 21___________some cars use electricity.These cars have 22 __________motors that get their power from large batteries.

 

In 23 ,there are even cars that have 24__________ an electric motor and a petrol motor.These types of cars are 25__________ hybrid(混合)cars.

 

Most people tend to think of electric cars as a new 26 __________,but they have been around for a long time.In the 27__________ 19th and early 20th centuries electric cars were common because the technology for petrol engines was not very advanced.

 

But 28__________ the petrol engine became easier to make and more powerful,this type of engines became the most 29 __________.Interest in electric cars was high in the l970s and 1980s because 30__________ became very expensive.

 

Recently,electric cars have again become well-liked because people want cars that pollute 31__________ . Electric cars are better than petrol cars 32__________ several ways.The biggest benefit is reduced pollution.

 

In areas 33__________ there is a high percentage of electric cars,pollution is not that serious.The second benefit of electric cars is a 34 __________in the dependence on foreign oil.

 

Several countries don’t want to 35 __________on oil from other countries.Since electric cars can run on electricity from coal or nuclear power stations,there is less need to import oil.

 

21题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.or

 

B.And

 

C.Nor

 

D.But

 

参考答案:D

 

22题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.same

 

B.special

 

C.common

 

D.traditional

 

参考答案:B

 

23题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.time

 

B.addition

 

C.detail

 

D.summary

 

参考答案:B

 

24题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.either

 

B.neither

 

C.both

 

D.all

 

参考答案:C

 

25题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.called

 

B.known

 

C.regarded

 

D.described

 

参考答案:A

 

26题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.instrument

 

B.intention

 

C.influence

 

D.invention

 

参考答案:D

 

27题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.recent

 

B.late

 

C.beginning

 

D.last

 

参考答案:B

 

28题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.before

 

B.until

 

C.after

 

D.unless

 

参考答案:C

 

29题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.difficult

 

B.dangerous

 

C.comfortable

 

D.popular

 

参考答案:D

 

30题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.cars

 

B.oil

 

C.power

 

D.motors

 

参考答案:B

 

31题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.less

 

B.few

 

C.more

 

D.much

 

参考答案:A

 

32题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.at

 

B.on

 

C.in

 

D.by

 

参考答案:C

 

33题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.what

 

B.which

 

C.where

 

D.when

 

参考答案:C

 

34题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.reduction

 

B.rise

 

C.need

 

D.start

 

参考答案:A

 

35题单选 请填写最佳答案( )

 

A.rely

 

B.keep

 

C.hold

 

D.put

 

参考答案:A

 

IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points)

 

Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by fourquestions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Chooseone best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

Passage one

 

I talk to strangers for a living and love the challenge of getting their stories published in newspapers.I've been married for years,but until six months ago,I could be a typical absent—minded husband.Often l was just nodding when l was supposed to.When my wife asked,“Did you even hear what I just said?”1 would defensively say,“of course I did!”

 

In January,I began to lose my voice.Doctors told me I needed surgery,or my throat would be permanently damaged.Total silence would be required for the first few weeks of my recovery.

 

Two hours after the surgery,my eyes filled with tears as my two-year-old son looked puzzled because l wouldn’t answer his questions.I wanted to talk but couldn’t.Luckily,I'd recorded myself reading some of his favorite books.That would come in handy the next couple of weeks.

 

It had never left.I'd just stopped noticing.I found myself understanding her better on topics I'd previously dismissed as “things I just don’t get as a guy”.I also realized my son wasn’t just talking nonstop but that he often had thoughtful things to say.Even while walking my dog in the woods near our home,I began hearing pleasant patterns in birdsongs.Before my surgery,I'd have spent those walks on my phone.

 

After several weeks,I was fully recovered. Conversation in our house is better now,not because I'm talking more.I’m just listening better and becoming less and less surprised that I like what I hear.

 

36题单选 According to the passage,the author is most likely a __________ .

 

A.driver

 

B.teacher

 

C.doctor

 

D.Journalist

 

参考答案:D

 

37题单选 What does the wife mean by asking “Did you even hear what I just said? ”in Paragraph 1 ?

 

A.Yon should listen to me.

 

B.You didn’t want to talk with me.

 

C.You should tell me what I said just now.

 

D.You didn’t have to nod while you were listening.

 

参考答案:A

 

38题单选 What is true of the author after the surgery?

 

A.He was required to keep silent for the first few months

 

B.He was worried about his recovery after the surgery.

 

C.He was unable to communicate with his son.

 

D.He was unwilling to talk to his wife.

 

参考答案:C

 

39题单选 What did the author realize after the surgery?

 

A.His wife was a talkative woman.

 

B.His house was full of pleasant talks.

 

C.His son didn’t like talking.

 

D.His dog liked pleasant birdsongs.

 

参考答案:B

 

Passage Two

 

Coconut(椰子)is an unusual food for many reasons.It is one of the largest edible seeds produced by any plant.Its unusual contents also make it unique in the seed world—it consists of both “meat“ and “water” inside.The coconut meat is the white substance with which we are all familiar,as it is used extensively for cooking and flavorings;the coconut water is a white and sweet liquid.Portuguese(葡萄牙的)

 

explorers gave the nut its name in the l5th century, referring to it as coco,meaning “ghost” in their language.The outside appearance of coconuts reminded them of a ghost’s face,and the tree has had that name ever since.

 

The coconut has varied uses.It is used to make various cooking oils for fast food restaurants around the world to make diet materials.The coconut fluid is a favorite drink in hot climates,providing a cool and refreshing beverage right off the tree.This water is also used by manufacturers of various sports drinks.Even the shell itself has many uses,including animal food and fertilizer.

 

And all these are only some of the uses found for the coconut fruit.The coconut tree, which produces the nut,also produces many useful things.It’s no wonder that the coconut tree has been taken as “the tree of life”.

 

40题单选 What does the underlined word“edible’in Paragraph 1 mean?

 

A.Visible.

 

B.Collectible.

 

C.Available

 

D.Eatable.

 

参考答案:D

 

41题单选 The coconut got its name because of __________ .

 

A.its hard shell

 

B.its white color

 

C.its ghostlike appearance

 

D.its round shape

 

参考答案:C

 

42题单选 What is the passage mainly about?

 

A.The history of coconut.

 

B.Uses of coconut.

 

C.The discovery of coconut.

 

D.Types of coconut seeds

 

参考答案:B

 

43题单选 What can be learned from the passage?

 

A.Coconut trees are useful plants.

 

B.Coconut oil is rare and expensive.

 

C.Coconut trunks are houses for birds.

 

D.Coconut fluid can become fertilizer.

 

参考答案:A

 

Passage Three

 

Most students choose “Homestay” accommodation when they study abroad:others select Homestay even if they are not on a study visit.Statistics show that it’s a form of accommodation gaining in popularity all the time.

 

But what is Homestay? And what makes it so popular?

 

Homestay means living with a family,or“host family”as we say.There are three ways of doing it:choose to learn English in a language school near to your Homestay location:

 

have your English classes in the house with a member of the family who is a qualified teacher;

 

select not to have classes at all when you visit——a popular choice if you want to do the tourist thing for example.

 

Even in their busy summer period the organizations that arrange the Homestays will always try to place you with the most suitable host family to match your requirements.Placement(安置)organizations think about location,interests,language level,eating requirements,allergies (过敏)and other requests you may have.

 

Though prices vary according to your needs,good quality Homestay accommodation can be relatively economical--and although you may be charged an extra amount of money if you want your Homestay in or near the city center.Even if you stay further out,you can expect your journey into the center not to exceed 30 minutes.

 

Not only does Homestay accommodation represent value for money, it also gives you an excellent opportunity to practice English with your host family.This is a very important extra for students who like to speak as much English as possible. But if you plan to learn English,why not have your English classes in your host family. There’s no better way to learn English than this—the perfect combination of learning and accommodation combined with the cultural experience !

 

44题单选 Homestay is an ideal choice for students who __________ .

 

A.plan to visit relatives

 

B.want to stay at home

 

C.plan to study overseas

 

D.want to learn statistics

 

参考答案:C

 

45题单选 Who will consider students’requirements before their Homestay starts?

 

A.The English teacher.

 

B.The placement organization.

 

C.The host family.

 

D.The language school.

 

参考答案:B

 

46题单选 Which of the following is a key factor affecting the price of Homestay?

 

A.Nationality of the host family.

 

B.Eating habits of the host family.

 

C.Students’language level.

 

D.Students’specific needs.

 

参考答案:D

 

47题单选 What can be inferred from the passage?

 

A.The author is in favor of Homestay accommodation.

 

B.The author is doubtful about the safety of Homestay.

 

C.The author finds Homestay arrangement complicated.

 

D.The author finds Homestay accommodation expensive.

 

参考答案:A

 

Passage Four

 

Using 1ess energy around the home is easier than you might think,saving you money while creating a heathier,more comfortable living space for you and your family. Changing a few old habits can make an impact on your energy bill, your comfort and the environment. Here are some handy tips to make your house more energy-efficient.

 

Lower the heat

 

If your home has adjustable central heating,lowering the room temperature even slightly can make a difference. You may not feel it,but your wallet will. It is even more advisable to control temperatures at different times of the day.

 

Hang clothes out to dry

 

If the weather allows it,head outside and dry your laundry on a clothesline. The sunlight will help eliminate bacteria and dust. While clothes dryers get the job done faster,they also use up energy.By hanging your clothes out you’ll be cutting greenhouse gases by about three kilograms per load.

 

Take advantage of natural light

 

Installing large windows on the northern side of your house can help you make use of sunlight’s natural warmth. To stay cool indoors on hot summer days,install blinds(百叶窗) to block the heavy sun.Put your desk near the window,then you don’t need a lamp in the daytime.

 

Wrap(裹)your pipes

 

Be sure your hot—water pipes are properly wrapped.In an average home,heating water

 

accounts for more than one—quarter of the energy bill.Why let warmth go to waste before it reaches you?

 

Choose the right size for appliances(家用电器)

 

When the time comes to replace appliances,select those that are both energy—efficient and of the appropriate size for your needs.Don’t buy bigger ones just because you can.

 

48题单选 What benefit may using less energy at home bring about?

 

A.Having a healthier living environment.

 

B.Improving your work efficiency.

 

C.Keeping old habits unchanged.

 

D.Enlarging your living space.

 

参考答案:A

 

49题单选 Which of the following is one of the advantages of hanging clothes out to dry?

 

A.It may help to build a greenhouse.

 

B.It helps remove bacteria in clothes.

 

C.It uses half the energy that clothes dryers do.

 

D.It gets clothes dry much faster than clothes dryers.

 

参考答案:B

 

50题单选 What can be installed on the northern side of your house to make better use of natural light?

 

A.Blinds.

 

B.Curtains.

 

C.Windows.

 

D.Shades.

 

参考答案:C

 

51题单选 Besides energy-efficiency,what else should be considered when replacing appliances?

 

A.Replacing time.

 

B.Reasonable price.

 

C.Good quality.

 

D.Proper size.

 

参考答案:D

 

Passage Five

 

As we recently discovered,there is a Stepmother’s Day,though it is not on any official holiday calendar.So,it would be safe to assume that there is a similar day for stepdads,too.

 

Right? Well,it depends on what you read.A Google search brought up posts that say,for example,“It’s on father’s day--father’s day is for fathers,step—fathers and people who are like fathers to you-it’s a day for making father figures feel special.”Further searching found a Stepfather’s Day Facebook page that says,“The unofficial Stepfather’s Day is the fourth Sunday of June.”

 

Unfortunately,as of the publishing of this article,only 30 people have “liked” the page.Considering that studies show 3.3 million men,or 11.1%of U.S.fathers,live with at least one stepchild,that’s only a drop in the ocean.

 

It’s interesting to note that there is a National Grandparents’ Day.President Jimmy Carter signed it into law in 1978.Law! While grandparents are undoubtedly special people in our children’s lives,they are often seen as the most loving family members.But what about the stepparents? The stepparents are the ones who are often the outsiders,the ones who have to endure the hurtful “You’re not my dad!” or “You’re not my mom!” And yet they never give up.

 

They do their best to overcome the inherent challenges of stepparents and be role models for their stepchildren.These unsung(未被颂扬的)family heroes deserve “official” days of honor.Perhaps if we are loud enough,President Obama,who had a stepfather himself,will sign into law National Stepmother’s Day and National Stepfather’s Day.

 

Are you with me? Follow me and get your voice heard.How cool it would be if we could make this happen!

 

52题单选 What does the underlined word“that’’in Paragraph 1 refer to?

 

A.Father figures who are equally honored in the U.S.

 

B.30 people who support Stepfather’s Day on the Facebook page.

 

C.3.3 million men who live with at least one stepchild in the world.

 

D.11.1%of U.S.fathers who live with at least one stepchild in the U.S.

 

参考答案:B

 

53题单选 What did President Jimmy Carter sign into law in 1978 ?

 

A.The National Grandparents’Day.

 

B.The National Grandchildren’s Day.

 

C.The National Stepparents’Day.

 

D.The National Stepchildren’s Day.

 

参考答案:A

 

54题单选 Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word“inherent”in paragraph 2 ?.

 

A.Unbelievable.

 

B.Tough

 

C.Lasting.

 

D.Inevitable.